Known within the herbarium as the Carpoteca, it provides support in the processes of taxonomic identification, morphological characterization of promising fruit trees and studies of dispersion and analysis of the stomach contents of associated fauna.

At present, it has 270 copies, which are preserved in hermetically sealed bags deposited in the Carpoteca. It is a useful tool in various studies where botanical collections were not necessarily made and where only one fruit or a part of it is available for the identification of the species.